Auto-updating pages with GitHub Actions
You need to know a tiny bit about two topics before heading into building auto-updating pages.
GitHub Pages is how you host websites on GitHub. Once you know how to create a website from a repo, it’s a pretty quick jump to automatically-updating web pages! We covered building sites earlier (I’d add a link right here, but unfortunately the software I’m using to put this site together refuses to allow it).
GitHub Actions is a tool built into GitHub that you can use to automatically run tasks every so often. I recommend taking a look at the now-common technique of using GitHub Actions to automatically scrape websites to understand the basics.
How to do it
Y’know, I spent a long long time putting something together, but it just didn’t turn out to be a good introduction.
It all boils down to a web site that has an image on it. The image updates, and as a result the website updates.
The website’s code looks something like this:
<h1>County-level COVID in the United States</h1>
<p>Updated every hour from <a href="https://github.com/nytimes/covid-19-data">NYT data</a></a></p>
<img src="covid.svg"> is the important part.
Every hour, a script is run that downloads some data from the New York Times, merges it with a shapefile from the Census Bureau, and generates a choropleth from the result. This image is saved as
Every time the script runs a new image is produced and committed to the repo. The commit makes GitHub Pages rebuild the site, and then the web page automatically gets updated with the new image.
GitHub Actions → something changes → new commit → page updates. It’s just that easy!
If you’re curious about the map-creating script itself, it’s located in
/.github/workflows/update_map.yml. If you cut out all of the setup pieces the important pieces are:
wget -N "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nytimes/covid-19-data/master/rolling-averages/us-counties-recent.csv"
mapshaper cb_2020_us_county_500k.shp \
-each 'JOIN_FIPS="USA-" + GEOID' \
-join us-counties-recent.csv keys=JOIN_FIPS,geoid \
-classify field=cases_avg_per_100k save-as=fill color-scheme=Magma invert \
-proj albersusa \
-simplify 2% \
All in all, any website that pulls a static file - whether it’s a CSV, JSON, an image, whatever – can be automatically updated using this method! Just have GitHub Actions update that file and your site will be fresh and new with each change.